Dementia – The most popular one is Alzheimer’s disease

Those with dementia are still people and they still have stories and they still have character and they are all individuals and they are all unique and they just need to be interacted with on a human level.
– By Carey Mulligan

Dementia is a loss of brain function that occurs with certain diseases. It affects memory, thinking, language, judgment, and behavior.

Symptoms of dementia

Symptoms of dementia differ on the basis of its cause. However, some common symptoms of dementia are:
  • Memory loss
  • Problem in doing complicated or familiar tasks
  • Problem in planning and executing a task
  • Problem in communicating with others
  • Improper behavior
  • Mood swings
  • Loss of interest
  • Misplacing things

Types of dementia

  1. Alzheimer’s disease
  2. Vascular dementia
  3. Dementia with Lewy Bodies
  4. Mixed dementia
  5. Huntington’s disease
  6. Parkinson’s disease dementia
  7. Frontotemporal dementia
  8. Creutzfeldt-jakob disease
  9. Normal pressure Hydrocephalus
  10. Wernicke-Korsakoff Syndrome

dementia FAQs

Dementia is a general term that refers to a decline in cognitive function that is severe enough to interfere with daily activities. It is a group of symptoms that can be caused by various conditions, including Alzheimer’s disease, vascular dementia, Lewy body dementia, and others.

Early signs of dementia may include forgetfulness, difficulty with communication, trouble with familiar tasks, disorientation, poor judgment, and mood changes. However, these symptoms can also be caused by other conditions, so it is essential to consult a healthcare provider for an accurate diagnosis.

While there is no guaranteed way to prevent dementia, research suggests that certain lifestyle factors can lower the risk of developing the condition. These include regular physical exercise, a healthy diet, staying socially engaged, engaging in mentally stimulating activities, and managing chronic health conditions such as high blood pressure and diabetes.

There is currently no cure for dementia, but several medications can help manage symptoms and slow the progression of the disease. Non-drug interventions, such as cognitive stimulation therapy and reminiscence therapy, may also help improve the quality of life for those with dementia.

Alzheimer’s is a specific type of dementia that accounts for most cases. However, dementia is a broader term encompassing various conditions that can cause cognitive decline.

Dementia is typically diagnosed through medical history, physical and neurological exams, and cognitive tests. Blood tests and brain imaging may also rule out other potential causes of cognitive declines, such as vitamin deficiencies or brain tumors.

Age is the most significant risk factor for dementia, with the risk increasing significantly after age 65. Other risk factors include genetics, family history of dementia, cardiovascular disease, diabetes, and lifestyle factors such as smoking and a sedentary lifestyle.

Some types of dementia, such as early-onset familial Alzheimer’s disease and frontotemporal dementia, are caused by specific genetic mutations that can be inherited. However, most cases of dementia do not have a clear genetic link.

The prognosis for dementia varies depending on the condition’s cause and severity. There is currently no cure for dementia; the disease is progressive, meaning symptoms will worsen over time. However, treatment and support can help manage symptoms and help those with dementia and their caregivers.

Caregivers can play a vital role in supporting those with dementia by providing emotional support, assisting with daily activities, and ensuring that the person with dementia receives proper medical care. Caregivers may also benefit from seeking support from community organizations, support groups, or healthcare professionals to manage their stress and emotional needs.

Yes, support groups are available for individuals with dementia and their caregivers. Support groups can provide valuable emotional support, education, and resources for those affected by dementia. These groups may be facilitated by healthcare professionals or community organizations and held in person or online. Alzheimer’s Association, a non-profit organization, offers a variety of resources and support groups for individuals with dementia and their caregivers. It is recommended that those interested in attending a support group contact their local Alzheimer’s Association chapter or other community organizations for more information.

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Doctors offering best treatment for dementia and memory problems

Dr. Yalda Safai, MD, MPH Psychiatrist

Dr. Yalda Safai, MD, MPH

Language: English

Location: Zoom - Telepsych appointment

Years in Practice: 6+


Language: English

Location: Los Altos Clinic, Zoom - Telepsych appointment

Years in Practice: 13+
Dr. Barbara Huynh, DO Psychiatrist

Dr. Barbara Huynh, DO

Language: English

Location: Zoom - Telepsych appointment, Los Angeles Clinic

Years in Practice: 13+